自建DDNS說明-ChangeIP

使用ChangeIP Free Dynamic DNS及時獲得VPS的外網IP

由於網路安全原因,我們停止了免費域名(DDNS)的解析,但用戶仍然可以通過自建DDNS獲取伺服器的外網IP。

下面我們將使用changeip.com的免費DDNS服務,建立您的DDNS。

​1. 打開下方鏈接登記你的DDNS

https://www.changeip.com/accounts/cart.php?a=confproduct&i=1

到此,您已經獲得一個免費域名ip.yourname.ddns.info

2. 使用腳本讓VPS自動更新DDNS

登入您的vps終端新建一個名為ddns.sh的腳本

nano /root/ddns.sh
或者
vi /root/ddns.sh

黏貼下面的腳本,注意修改11、12、13行為您自己的信息,並保存。

#!/bin/bash
# Changeip.com Script for Linux base systems using bash
# Created to suite local need in specific case. Well tested with CENTOS 6.x n UBUNTU 12.x
# Syed . Jahanzaib . aacable at hotmail dot com
# October , 2015
# Uncomment below to view debug log
# set -x
# Various variables, make sure to change the changeip.com credentials and hostname as required.
CIPUSER=您在ChangeIP登記的郵箱
CIPPASS=您在ChangeIP設定的密碼
CIPHOST=您在ChangeIP設定的域名
URL="http://nic.changeip.com/nic/update?ip"
# Temp files and log file to record updates if required
EXTIP="/tmp/externalip.txt"
NEWIP="/tmp/newip.txt"
LOG="/var/log/changeip.log"
DATE=`date`
# If external ip text file not found, then create one
if [ ! -e "$EXTIP" ] ; then
touch "$EXTIP"
fi
# Download current LIVE ip from intenret to match with old ip
wget -q -O /tmp/newip.txt http://ip.changeip.com:8245
a=`cat $EXTIP`
b=`cat $NEWIP | cut -f 2 -d "=" | cut -f 1 -d "-" -s | grep -m 1 ^`
if [[ $a != "$b" ]]
then
# changeip update now
curl "$URL=$b&u=$CIPUSER&p=$CIPPASS&hostname=$CIPHOST"
# Update New WAN IP in OLD File
echo $b > $EXTIP
echo
# Print OLD vs New Comparision for REVIEW
echo Old IP = $a
echo New IP = $b
echo Update Time = $DATE
echo Update Done.
# Print OLD vs New Comparision for REVIEW in LOG FILE for later review
echo "*********************************************" >> $LOG
echo New IP FOUND > $LOG
echo Old IP = $a >> $LOG
echo New IP found at $DATE and IP is = $b >> $LOG
# IF OLD and NEW ip are same, then no need to update, just EXIT
else
echo $DATE / No need to change IP. DDNS BASH Script / Powered by Syed Jahanzaib
fi
# END

修改腳本權限,並測試腳本是否有效

chmod +x /root/ddns.sh
bash /root/ddns.sh
###返回下面資訊即代表腳本正常###
200 Successful Update
Old IP = 219.76.163.216
New IP = 220.246.88.57
Update Time = Sat Feb 8 22:11:04 CST 2020
Update Done.

設定定時更新

crontab -e

貼上下方命令並保存

*/1 * * * * /root/ddns.sh >/dev/null 2>&1 &

至此所有步驟完成,當IP變更時腳本會自動更新A紀錄指向您的域名

您可以登入changeip.com後台查看域名IP

並可以使用您的DDNS連接您的VPS

需要注意的是DDNS生效時間存在地區差異,請耐心等待DNS更新。